During the Middle Ages, Slavonic tribes established communities in what is now considered Eastern Europe. As a result, we now have three prominent Slavic languages: Czech, Slovak, and the Polish Language. Polish began to flourish as a language throughout the 10th century in what is now known as the country of Poland. The language uses a Latin-based alphabet; the earliest Polish texts are largely documents that are related to Christianity. Polish continues to be a very useful and beneficial language to understand to this day, especially if living and working in Eastern Europe.
Polish is the official language in Poland, where over 36 million people speak the language. However, there are plenty of other places where the language is spoken. For example, over two million people in the United States, one million people in the Ukraine, and over 100,000 people in former Czechoslovakia use the Polish language.
Due to the fact that the Slavic languages are very similar, it is possible for those who can speak Polish, Czech, or Slovak, to communicate with one another without the use of translators or interpreters. If you want to learn as many European languages as possible, the Polish language is an excellent place to start because once you can speak this language; it is then quite simple to learn other Indo-European Slavic languages. This includes Czech and Slovak of course, but also Russian, Ukrainian, and Bulgarian among others.
Similar to other Slavic languages, Polish is an inflected language. Nouns are distinguished as being feminine, masculine, neutral, singular, or plural through inflectional endings. The language also distinguishes between animate and inanimate objects inflectionally. For example, a different inflection is used when referring to a person or animal than when referring to an inanimate object. Like many other European languages, Polish verbs are conjugated into the first, second, and third persons, and also into the singular and plural.
The Polish language is considered to be a fairly difficult language to learn if you are completely new to Slavic languages. However, this does not mean it is not impossible. There are plenty of great online learning resources that will help you learn Polish at your own pace. With practice, you can learn the basic structures and rules to the Polish syntax, and before you know it, you will be an expert. While learning any new language is an excellent way to broaden your mind, learning how to speak Polish can be extremely beneficial if you plan to spend any time in Eastern Europe.